The goal of crypto ransomware is to encrypt your critical data — such as documents, pictures or videos — while leaving more basic computer functions untouched. This generates a sense of panic, because you can see your files, but you can’t access them. Crypto creators often include a countdown in their ransom demand: If you don’t pay by the deadline, all your files will be deleted.
The irreversible consequences of this kind of malware infection, along with the high value data that is being encrypted by ransomware tempts victims to pay for decryption, which in turn draws more cybercriminals into the business.
It’s no secret that crypto-ransomware, which encrypts data on users’ systems has become a huge problem for cybersecurity over the last few years. It has become so widespread that it could easily be called an epidemic.
In order to accurately understand its scale, Kaspersky Lab has researched how the ransomware threat has evolved over a period of 24 months. The company’s analysis includes attack statistics for classic screen-blocker ransomware as well as crypto-ransomware.
The report covers the full two-year period, which for comparison reasons has been divided into two parts of 12 months each: from April 2014 to March 2015 and from April 2015 to March 2016. We’ve chosen these particular timescales because they witnessed several significant changes in the ransomware threat landscape. Here are the key points revealed by the research.
- The total number of users encountering any type of ransomware between April 2015 and March 2016 increased by 7% compared to the period April 2014 to March 2015 – from 1,967,784 to 2,315,931 users around the world;
- The number of users attacked with crypto-ransomware rose 5.5 times, from 131,111 in 2014-2015 to 718,536 in 2015-2016;
- The share of users encountering ransomware at least once as a proportion of the total number of users encountering malware rose 0.7 percentage points, from 63% in 2014-2015 to 4.34% in 2015-2016;
- The share of users encountering crypto-ransomware as a proportion of those encountering ransomware rose dramatically – up 25 percentage points, from 6.6% in 2014-2015 to 31.6% in 2015-2016;
- The number of users attacked with blockers (ransomware that locks screens) decreased by 03%, from 1,836,673 in 2014-2015 to 1,597,395 in 2015-2016;
- Germany, Italy and the US are the countries with the highest percentage of users attacked with encryption ransomware.
“The biggest problem with crypto-ransomware today is that sometimes the only way to get the encrypted data back is to pay the criminals, and victims tend to pay. That brings a lot of money into the underground ecosystem that has grown up around this malware, and as a result we are seeing new cryptors appear almost daily. Companies and regular users can protect themselves by implementing regular backups, using a proven security solution and keeping themselves informed about current cybersecurity risks. The ransomware business model seems to be profitable and safe for criminals, and the security industry and users can change that just by implementing these basic measures,” said Fedor Sinitsyn, Senior Malware Analyst at Kaspersky Lab.
Crypto-ransomware in the Philippines
While the Philippines is not among the top 10 most attacked countries, data from Kaspersky Lab showed the number of crypto-ransomware attacks against Filipino users increased from 10,256 in April 2014 – March 2016 to 10,414 in the same period in 2015 – 2016.
This means the country has experienced a 1.54% increase on crypto-ransomware attacks in just a year.
In terms of the share of users attacked with encryption ransomware as a proportion of users attacked with any kind of ransomware, the Philippines soared from 4.04% last 2014-2015 to 32.68% from April 2016 – March 2016.
“These figures uncover the reality that the threat of crypto-ransomware exists not only in developed countries but also in emerging nations like the Philippines. Kaspersky Lab strongly suggests not to pay the ransom but most of all, every Filipino must be cyber-savvy enough to avoid this kind of stealthy and costly threat. Always remember that prevention is better than cure, even in cybersecurity,” warns Anthony Chua, Territory Channel Manager for the Philippines and Singapore at Kaspersky Lab Southeast Asia.
Tips against crypto-ransomware
While crypto-ransomware is one of the most dangerous types of malware ever created, and the consequences of it can be very severe, we at Kaspersky Lab believe that there are ways to protect yourself against this threat.
Tips to consumers:Back-up is a must. The sooner back-up becomes yet another rule in your day-to-day PC activity, the sooner you will become invulnerable to any kind of ransomware.
Use a reliable security solution. And when using it do not turn off the advanced security features which it most certainly has. Usually these are features that enable the detection of new ransomware based on its behavior.
Keep the software on your PC up-to-date. Most widely-used applications (Flash, Java, Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer, Microsoft Office) and operating systems (like Windows) have an automatic updates feature. Keep it turned on, and don’t ignore requests from these applications for the installation of updates.
Keep an eye on files you download from the Internet and receive via email. Especially from untrusted sources. In other words, if what is supposed to be an mp3 file has an .exe extension, it is definitely not a musical track but malware. The best way to be sure that everything is fine with the downloaded content is to make sure it has the right extension and has successfully passed the checks run by the protection solution on your PC.
If, for some reason your files are encrypted with ransomware and you are asked to a pay a ransom, don’t pay. Every bitcoin transferred to the hands of criminals builds their confidence in the profitability of this kind of cybercrime, which in its turn leads to the creation of new ransomware. At the same time, a lot of security companies, including Kaspersky Lab fight ransomware on daily basis. Sometimes it is possible to create a decryption tool for certain kinds of ransomware, and sometimes as a result of cooperation with law enforcement agencies, it becomes possible to get the encryption keys for certain families of ransomware, which can eventually lead to decryption of your files. Last but not least: the creation, spreading and demanding of a ransom for decryption are all actions that are defined as criminal in most countries around the globe. Report an attack to the police in order to start an investigation.
This report has been prepared using depersonalized data processed by Kaspersky Security Network (KSN). The metrics are based on the number of distinct users of Kaspersky Lab products with the KSN feature enabled who encountered ransomware at least once in a given period. The term ransomware covers mainly two types of malware: so-called Windows blockers (they block the OS or browser with a pop-up window) and encryption ransomware.
The term also includes select groups of Trojan-Downloaders, namely those that tend to download encryption ransomware upon infection of a PC. Nowadays, encryption ransomware is widely regarded as synonymous with ransomware, although, according to Kaspersky Lab statistics the number of users that regularly encounters blockers remains high.